If you’ve decided to adopt a child, you will need to choose from two basic types of adoption – domestic (within the U.S.) or international.
With domestic adoption, it can be through a local public agency (foster care or social services) or through a licensed private agency. With international adoption, you generally work with a private agency, though you can do it on your own with the aid of in-country assistance.
Another route is to use an adoption attorney or an adoption facilitator (allowable in a few states), skipping the agency entirely.
Before deciding on which type of adoption is for you, check the requirements in your state and county. For international adoptions, check the restrictions and costs of adopting from the country you’re interested in.
Open or Closed
When you hear people discussing open or closed adoption, they are referring to the amount of contact with the birth parents. In a closed adoption, there is no contact with the biological parents. However in an open adoption, contact can vary from weekly visits with the child to just a card sent from the adoptive family to the birth parents every year. International adoptions are generally closed, while domestic adoptions can be closed, semi-open or open.
Adoption.com is a great source of adoption information. You can also find information on foster care adoption from your local CPS or social services office.