What about medication? Are meds like Ritalin effective and used by adults?
Although there are more than a dozen brand names under which prescriptions are written, most medications are based on methylphenidate (Ritalin). The first class of stimulant medications, which included methylphenidate, was effective for brief durations (three to five hours) and required multiple, well-timed doses throughout the day. The extended-release formulations work in one of two ways: back-loaded delivery systems and beaded 50-50 delivery systems. The duration of action is seven to nine hours in adults. One advantage to long-acting medications is that they are less likely to be abused. As an alternative to methylphenidate, antidepressant medications are sometimes prescribed for people with ADHD. Clinicians typically use this group of medications for individuals with mild ADHD symptoms and co-existing symptoms, such as anxiety or depression. Critics contend that clinicians overprescribe such medications and that they use medication as the primary, and often only, intervention for dealing with individuals, particularly children, with behavior problems. Moreover, based on animal models, long-term use of stimulants such as Ritalin may provoke persistent neurobehavioral consequences that actually exacerbate ADHD symptoms. Therefore, it is best if these are prescribed along with the behavioral strategies mentioned above.
Anything else you want to add about adult ADHD?
ADHD most likely does not show up for the first time in people of adult age, but clinicians can only properly diagnose it until that time. We can assume that clinicians overlooked or misdiagnosed adult ADHD cases, particularly in those individuals who, as children, had inattentive but not disruptive symptoms. Fortunately, with greater understanding of this condition, people with adult ADHD can be treated and their lives can successfully be turned around. Instead of assuming that nothing can be done to intervene, people who believe they have adult ADHD should seek psychological counseling to get an accurate diagnosis and a treatment plan that will be consistent with their symptoms, personality, health, and lifestyle.